Most people understand the basics of how solar energy works: solar panels transform light from the sun into usable energy that can power our homes, businesses, and farms.
However, you may not know the actual science behind the process.
How Do Solar Panels Work?
Solar panels work by allowing photons (particles of light) to release electrons from atoms in order to generate a flow of electricity.
These panels are made up of many smaller units called photovoltaic cells. These cells linked together are what form a solar panel.
In order for these cells to work, they need to create an electric field. Engineers create these fields using semiconducting materials: silicon, phosphorous, and boron.
These components work together to create an electric field between the layers of silicon.
In 2016 researchers created thin, flexible photovoltaic cells that are only 1.3 microns thick and twenty times lighter than a sheet of paper. These cells are so light they can sit on top of a soap bubble without popping it!
More Than Panels
The solar energy system designed for your business or home does involve more than just solar panels. Depending on the type of system you need, it can include a combination of the following:
- Solar Panel Array
- House Breaker Panel
- AC Utility Meter
How Does Sunlight Become Electricity?
When a solar panel creates an electric current the energy needs to flow to an inverter.
Solar panels generate a direct current (DC) and most homes and businesses need to access alternating current (AC) power for everyday use.
The inverter turns that DC into AC power and sends it to the electrical panel or breaker box. From there it is distributed throughout your property as usable electricity.
Advanced Solar Is Here To Help
Have questions about how switching to solar energy works and if it’s the best choice for you? We’re here to answer your questions and help you find the best solution!